Jaysh al-Mahdi

The Jaysh al-Mahdi (JAM, جيش المهدي) militia emerged in 2003 as a security guarantor in Sadrist-dominated neighborhoods. The militia also defended Sadrist political institutions and Muqtada’s interests. 

Operation Lion's Roar

Operation Lion’s Roar was an operation designed to target the al Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) network and other Sunni insurgent groups in Mosul and Ninawa province.

Operation Iron Pursuit

Operation Iron Pursuit was a Division-level operation and the U.S compliment to the Iraqi-led Operation Augurs of Prosperity, designed to clear Diyala province of insurgents.